SCJF standards in documenting violations

1. Media Victims:

SCJF documents violations against media professionals in Syria, regardless of their nationality, gender, race, sect, the entity they work for/with, or their perpetrators. Additionally, it documents attacks on Syrian media professionals out of the country. The same applies to violations faced by offices, centers and media institutions. However, the Center does not publish violation news if the victim or their relatives request it.


2. Occurrence of violations during the media work:

SCJF documents violations against media professionals while performing their media jobs, whether they were directly or indirectly targeted. Thus the Center, for example, documents an injury suffered by the media professional during bombing or by stray bullets if s/he was doing their job, even if they were not intentionally targeted. It does not document the case of a media professional who was wounded in similar circumstances, if he was doing another job unrelated to media - such as rescuing victims - or was among the victims of indiscriminate bombing targeting his whereabouts yet s/he was not working at the time. Also, cases resulting from natural reasons or unrelated to media, such as natural death or traffic accidents are not documented.


3. Condition of Media Professionals linked to armed action:

SCJF refrains from documenting abuse of the media professional linked to an armed action, such as carrying or transferring weapons, even if the purpose is self-defense. The Center also refrains from documenting attacks occurring to the media professional because of his fault, such as wearing a military uniform or raising military symbols that make the distinction difficult between himself and gunmen, thus becoming a potential target. However, the Center does document violations against the media professional who quit an armed action and cut his relationship with it according to this standard.


4. Media Professionals in the armed forces:

SCJF documents violations against armed forces' media professionals, conditional to absence of armed action links, according to the previous standard. Nonetheless, the documentation takes place in a separate section from documented violations on media professionals, according to the first paragraph on media victims. The Center indicates in its reports their attribute as armed forces media professionals. They are not counted as victims of violations against media professionals, and are listed in a separate section in the database.


5. Definitions:

SJA internal regulations are adhered to, especially the articles on media professional, journalists and citizen journalists, applies in case of conflict with these expressions.
A. Media Professional: The term includes all journalists, all those who work in the media field.
B. Journalist: is a person who practices and earns most of his income from the journalism profession. S/he may be committed by an official work contract with an institution or one or more media outlets, or can work as a professional part-timer.
C. Citizen Journalist: is everyone who works in the media field and is excluded from the previous definition, either working independently or affiliated to centers, agencies or media outlets.
D. Violation: is any physical or moral attack that occurs to the media professional or media outlets that may cause physical or moral damage or prevent him/ her of working freely.